description of Bodrum as "The land of eternal blue" and
the words of another resident of Bodrum, Cevat Sakir, who said
"The heavenly bliss of life in Bodrum is better than any
eternal bliss that may await us" were not without foundation in
reality. Throughout history Bodrum, known as Halikarnassos in
ancient times, has always been fought over and people have been
unwilling to share its beauty with others.
Built on a
peninsula formed by the meeting of the eastern and western harbours,
Bodrum, with its narrow streets winding down to the sea, is famous
for its castle, its world-renowned yachts, its shipyards and the
dazzling white houses and tombs lining the shores of its two
Bodrum has everything that one would expect to find in a vacation
getaway. It is an important tourist center in both winter and
summer. Bodrum has what it takes to make everyone feel at home, from
the rich yacht owners who come from around the globe to the
penny-counting tourists who just wants a reasonable room so that he
can stretch his budget to make his vacation last all summer.
The Underwater Archeological Museum of Bodrum is one of the biggest
and important museums of its kind in the world. The relics recovered
from excavation which started in the 1960's are on display in this
museum located in the Bodrum Castle.
Mediterranean amphora collection as well as findings resulting from
research on sunken ships in the immediate vicinity are on display.
The significant sunken ships are those at Yassiada, Seytan Deresi
and Serçe Limani. The remains of the oldest known sunken ship in
the world are also here and well-worth seeing.
Open Air Museum, gets its name from the fact that the tomb of
Mansolosiun, the King of Caria, is located here. His wife, also his
sister, had the most famous architects of the day to design the
structure. It was almost completely destroyed in the Great Anatolian
earthquake. There is a small museum here at the site of this tomb
which was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The word
"mausoleum" is taken from King Mausolos' name. Many of the
stones of this Mausoleum were used in the construction of Bodrum
Castle. The beautiful reliefs on the grave, however, were taken to
the British Museum during the excavations in the 19th century .