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Turkish Marbling ( Ebru ) Lessons & Workshops In Istanbul
Art of Ottoman Marbling

Turkish Marbling - Ebru Lessons in Istanbul.

Turkish Paper marbling is a method of aqueous surface design, which can roduce patterns similar to marble or other stone, hence the name. The patterns are the result of color floated on either plain water or a viscous solution known as size, and then carefully transferred to a sheet of paper (or other surfaces such as fabric). In bru art, you can draw flower figures that are traditional from the Ottoman period BUT the things that you can capable of by using Ebru art is unlimited. All you need is your imagination.

This decorative material has been used to cover a variety of surfaces for several centuries. It is often employed as a writing surface for calligraphy, and especially book covers and endpapers in bookbinding and stationery. Part of its appeal is that each print is a unique monoprint.

Need a break from the hustle and bustle of tourist life in Istanbul? Come take an art class with the remarkable Turkish artist Betul !

LEARN the secrets of creating the rich patterns of handmade marble paper .

EXPERIENCE the sensuous flow of Ottoman Marble ( Ebru ).

CONTEMPORARY create design fabric marbling paper technique designs on paper, glass or on silk fabrics .

Our teacher that is shown in our pictures is Ms. Betul Senguler. She gives our group classes in Sultanahmet. For private lessons we have one more teacher as well.

About The Artists :

Betul Senguler : Our professional Ebru Artist for our group & private classes in Sultanahmet with the experience of 8 yrs in Ottoman Marbling.

** If you have any interest of learning Classical Ottoman Marble, joining a workshop or ordering a special Turkish Marble Art Work from our teacheri please call us or send us an E-mail to get more information and to get a meeting..

Contact : Mr. Hakan HACIBEKIROGLU ( Phone : +90 533 738 58 62 )

Here is our adres : http://www.istanbullife.org/about-us.htm

Google MAP = http://goo.gl/maps/xQNtP

** If you have any interest of learning Classical Turkish Arts, joining a workshop or ordering a special Turkish Art Work from our teacher;

Please call us or send us an E-mail to get more information and to get a meeting..

2 Hours Turkish Marbling Workshop ( Per Person )
2 - 5 Guest
65 Euro
6 - more
45 Euro
1 Guest
80 Euro
Lesson Includes.
  • These are private events and runs upon request.
  • English Guidance and assistance service.
  • Workshop area & equipments are included.
  • 2 Hours workshop in our Studio.
  • Discount rates for groups.
  • For more info please send us an E-mail.

TURKISH MARBLING, EBRU

Marbled paper, called ebru in Turkish, was used extensively in the binding of books and within the calligraphic panels in Turkey. The existing word ebre in Eastern Turkish, meaning variegated, points to the fact that marbling might have been known by the populations of Central Asia. Its origin might ultimately hark back to China, where a document from the T'ang dynasty (618-907) mentions a process of coloring paper on water with five hues. In the early examples from the 16th c. in the Ottoman-Turkish era, ebru appears in the battal (stone) form, namely without any manipulation. Interestingly, several variations developed in time, giving us types such as gelgit, tarakli, hatip, bülbül yuvasi, çiçekli (respectively come-and-go, combed, preacher, nightingale's nest, flowered, etc.) An attempt has been made here to show some of its principal patterns, with samples by the master marblers of this century chosen from our collection.

Ebru technique consists of sprinkling colours containing a few drops of ox-gall on to the surface of the bath sized with kitre (gum tragacanth) in a trough. By carefully laying the paper over the bath, the floating picture on top of it is readily transferred to the paper; thus, each ebru is a one of a kind print. To obtain beautiful ebru results, one needs to have a light hand, refined taste, and an open mind to the unexpected patterns forming on the water. Patience and a good knowledge of traditional culture are characteristic of ebru masters.

 

Turkish Marbling Lessons in Istanbul from HAKAN HACIBEKIROGLU on YouTube.com

 

Turkish Marbling - Ebru Lessons in Istanbul. from Hakan HACIBEKIROGLU on Vimeo.

How Dreams Fall On Water
Mixed Photos 2007 - 2013

 

Each Turkish Marbling Set Price is : 175 Euros

Buy This Set

After the 1550's, booklovers in Europe prized ebru, which came to be known as ‘Turkish papers’. Many specimens in their collections and in the several album amicorum books are visible today in various museums. Also, early texts dealing with ebru, such as “Discourse on decorating paper in the Turkish manner”, published in 1664 by Athanasius Kircher in Rome, helped to disseminate the knowledge of this kind of marbling art. There is agreement amongst scholars that the so-called Turkish Papers played a colourful influence on the book arts in Europe.

MATERIALS USED IN CLASSICAL TURKISH MARBLING

Gum tragacath – Dye – Paintbrush – Basin – Water – Paper - Gall

Gum Tragacant is obtained from trunk of a thorny plant growing naturally in Anatolian, Persian and Turkestan mountians and called “gaven”. The sap coming out of scratches made on the branches dries up later and solidifies in bone white colored pieces. It is dropped in water with very low hardness at the rate of 20-40 grams/3 litres and kept for two days.The gum having dissolved completely is filtered through a cloth bag and poured into the basin. It should have a dentisty of buttermilk.Gum tragacanth is widely used as herbal medicene(in throat and stomach diseases) in cosmetic and textile industry.

Dye are “mineral dyes” as it is called in clasiccal method obtained from natural metal oxides. Turkish is a very rich country in respect of such natural dyes.Any kind of earth may be first translated into mud then filtered and crushed to from a dye.

Painthbrushes; are made of horsehair bound around a rosetree stick, in a manner to from a circumference with hollow centre.Rosetree is preferred because it prevents mould. Brushes of different thickness and length enable dye application and dye control.

Basin is made of wood or metal of 4-6 cm. depth an about some milimeter larger than the paper size (to offset the dilatation of paper when wet). Usual paper zizes are 35X50 cm. or 25X35 cm.

Water; preferably withouth hardness.The ideal is distilled water. In older times rainwater was favorite but because of acide rain in our times it is no longer advisable.

Paper: The ideal paper is the one handmade and having a high absorbtion capacity and acid-free. On account of its rarity and high cost we don’t advise it to begginers. Instead, any kind of non glossy paper may be used. In order to increasethe absorbtion capaticy and to fix the dye on it(more durable) and alumina solution may be applied on the paper surface. Thus dyes are made more easy to fix.

Gall: The most importent metarial to make marbling. A marbler must well understand what gall is and its functions. To my openion the secret of the marbling lies in the gall. Its main functions are :

1. to ensure surface tension, dye spreading over the water surface otherwice dyes sink.
2. to prevent mixture of dyes. For instance when blue yellow are simultaneously applied and mixed up as much as possible never green comes out.
3. to assist dye fixation on the paper.
4. to give different shades of the same color and different size of patterns.

MARBLING APPLIED TO PAPER PATTERNS

Marbling is similar to cooking; it is impossible to give the exact recipe. Everyone has his own mixture of colors and patterns and wishes to reflect to own world.

Marbling results by the simultaneous operation of many accurate balances. Purity and application rules must be streaktly observed. The density of the gummed water and the relationships between the water and the dye, the dye and the tensioning agent (gall), the quantity of gall in the dye are all very important. It may take some time to establish such a delicate balance. But was everything is ready marbling is easily and quickly performed. Yet this property of the marbling makes it very suitable for a “theraphy”.

Dyes are spopotted on the surface of the water by means of paintbrushes and according to quantities and colors desired. Dyes should not be too concentrated. Concentric, superposed drops thus applied form a pattern called “Battal”. This pattern is the origin of almost all others. Now if this basic pattern is handled by parellel lines made by a thin pencil or chip moved back and forth you obtain “the back-and-forth”. If this design is crossed out by means of a comb a “combed-pattern” is obtained. In case the “back-and-forth” is diagonally crossed again, it becomes “shawl” sample. Combed marbling may be made into back-and-forth or shawl design. When a convolute line is applied from the outer circumference towards the centre you obtain a “nightingale nest”. In the event small colorfull dots are spotted on the back-and-forth or shawl design you get the “sprinkled marbling”. If, instead, you apply larger dots (which means with higher rate of gall contents) you obtain the “prophyry marble” which resemble most to marble.

Nonetheless above patterns may be divesified by selecting one of the above as a basis and making concentric drops of different colors. Mehmet Efendi (the orator of Saint Sophia, deceased in 1973) first formed flower and other patterns, wich were subsequenly called the “Orator pattern” (Hatip ebrusu). Later on these patterns developed into flower shaped marblings.

The sheet of paper is lard from one side onto any of above designs prepared on the gummed water in the basin. Now this processing makes the dye fixed on the paper. The paper is then careflly lifted off the basin without stripping too much the gum off the surface. In classic Turkish marbling the paper taken out of the basin is not washed off. The thin layer of gum remaining on the surface forms a protective (fixing) coat. The paper is laid on a flat surface and let to dry up.

Presuming every material is made ready, the translation of the patterns made on the surface water is accomplisheed within 3-5 minutes or at most, 15 minutes. This infinity of colors and shapes quickly formed makes the marbling amazing at and fascinates the spectator (if any). It makes eveything forgotten. One evening the late calligraphy and marbling master, Necmetting Okyay started to make marbling.Some time later he heard a sound coming from the street and supposed that it was the voice of a street seller making business late in the night: to his surprise this was the müezzin performing the morning player call.

Article By : Hikmet BARUTCUGIL
Mimar Sinan University

Contact : Mr. Hakan HACIBEKIROGLU ( Phone : +90 533 738 58 62 )

Here is our adres : http://www.istanbullife.org/about-us.htm

Google MAP = http://goo.gl/maps/xQNtP

** If you have any interest of learning Classical Turkish Arts, joining a workshop or ordering a special Turkish Art Work from our teacher;

Please call us or send us an E-mail to get more information and to get a meeting..

2 Hours Turkish Marbling Workshop ( Per Person )
2 - 5 Guest
65 Euro
6 - more
45 Euro
1 Guest
80 Euro
Lesson Includes.
  • These are private events and runs upon request.
  • English Guidance and assistance service.
  • Workshop area & equipments are included.
  • 2 Hours workshop in our Studio.
  • Discount rates for groups.
  • For more info please send us an E-mail.

 

25 May 2009 / KATHY HAMILTON , ÝSTANBUL / ARTICLE

Watching an artist make ebru, Turkish marbled paper, is a mesmerizing experience. With quick flicks of the wrist, paints fly off the brush and land onto the liquid surface.
Once satisfied that the design is exactly what was planned, paper is gently laid across the wet surface and then pulled off, revealing the design that has been transferred onto the paper.

No one knows for certain when the art of ebru began, but there is some evidence that it was an art practiced in Samarkand in the 13th century. It is mentioned later in eastern Persia, in the Herat region, in the 14th century. As information was exchanged between cultures, the art of ebru spread east to west along the Silk Road trade routes. The roots of the word ebru are thought to come from either abru (a watery surface) or ebri (cloud-like). As the art spread through Anatolia, it eventually became ebru. In the Ottoman era, like many arts, ebru was not taught through written instruction. Instead, students served in an apprentice system and artists spent years, and often their entire lifetime, fully mastering the art. Ottoman sultans and court officials used ebru as the background for state documents in part due to the aesthetic appeal, but also as a way to detect falsified documents. This is much the same as the intricate designs on modern-day currency that are intended to prevent forgeries.

There are seven items that are necessary for marbling.

1. Gum tragacanth: This is a white substance obtained from the plants of the Astragalus family common to Turkey, Iran, the Caucasus region and Afghanistan. This is a glue-like substance that gives the water used a degree of viscosity. To prepare it, tragacanth is soaked for two days in water. The preparation is filtered to ensure there are no undissolved particles remaining. The strained liquid is then put into the shallow vessel used for the dyeing process.

2. Dyes: Only natural dyes are used in ebru. These earth-based dyes, containing metal oxides, are crushed with a pestle on a marble slab until reduced to a fine powder. The dyes are placed in separate glass jars and mixed with a small amount of water.

3. Brushes: The brushes that are traditionally used in ebru are made from horsehair and rose branches. The brushes are made in different thicknesses and lengths for easier control of the paint.

4. Basin: The liquid used for ebru is placed in a basin that is the same size as the paper being used. Traditionally the basins were made of unknotted pine, but now they are made of many types of wood, as well as metal. These are shallow containers, only 4-6 centimeters in depth.

5. Water: The water used must have very low levels of calcium, chlorine and lime. Distilled water is ideal for ebru.

6. Paper: The paper used must not be lacquered or polished in any way. The best paper is handmade, acid-free and absorbent.

7. Gall: This is the key ingredient to ebru. Ox bile is boiled to prevent spoiling, and it is used to lower the viscosity of the base liquid and enable the paint to disperse evenly across the water. Without gall, the colors simply sink to the bottom of the basin. It prevents the dyes from bleeding into each other, and it helps the dyes adhere to the paper. The gall is also used by the artist to mix different shades of the same color.

To begin the basic marbling process, the tragacanth liquid is prepared and put into the basin. The dyes are prepared and readied for use by adding bile. Then each of the dyes to be used is sprinkled onto the liquid with the brushes. The artist can adjust the colors and create the patterns they want. When the designs of the dyes are finished, a sheet of paper the same size as the basin is placed on top of the water. The paper is then removed, with the pattern adhering to it. This is left to dry, and the basin is prepared for the next design. Hundreds of sheets of marbled paper can be prepared using the same basin and liquid, but eventually the dyes will become grainy. When this happens, dyes prepared with turbot bile instead of ox bile are added to the center of the basin until they have spread over the entire surface. Paper is placed on this design, and the final ebru from the tray is called “sand marbling” or “fishbone marbling.”

In addition to the basic method of marbling an entire piece of paper, there is written marbling. This particular style of ebru combines marbling and calligraphy. On a blank piece of paper, the calligrapher will write out the work using a reed pen that is dipped in glue instead of dye. The writing is invisible when dried, and when immersed in the liquid in the basin, the remaining paper will absorb the dyes, leaving the writing to stand out without being dyed.

Two-toned marbling, or akkase ebru, is made using a technique similar to written marbling. Sections of a lightly colored marbled paper are coated with glue and the paper is them immersed into the basin containing darker colors. The lighter parts that have glue on them will remain unchanged, while the part without glue will absorb the darker colors.

Ebru artists rarely sign their artwork, so it is often impossible to know who created a piece. The collection at Topkapý Palace holds several pieces of ebru that date back to the early 16th century. Over the centuries, Turkey remained the center for the art of ebru. Until the 1920s, ebru masters had workshops in Ýstanbul's Beyazit neighborhood. Work was produced there for both the Turkish and European markets.

 


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