GAZIANTEP

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Gaziantep is one of the first settlements in Anatolia and the biggest city of the soughteast Turkey.

The city is a leader in trade and industry in the region and has the rich historical and cultural surroundings, delicious foods, extraordinary handicrafts, mosques, fortresses, caravansaries, baths, tombs, churches, castles, plateaus, excursion and picnic places. In Gaziantep city, one can trace the ruins of the Stone Age, Calcoholitic , Copper age, Hittite, Mitani, Assyrian, Roman and Byzantine, Islam and Turkish - Islamic Period.

 

GAZIANTEP COUSINE

The Gaziantep kitchen has a special influence on the Turkish cuisine with its immensely rich flavor. In addition to dishes which date back to the Oguz Turks, there is the influence of Aleppo. Its rich kind of soups, rice meals, kebabs, meatballs, etc. are among the most favorite. Local desserts include baklava, kunefe, burmali kadayif, sari burma, mashed pistachio and milk fat.  

MOST REMARKABLE HISTORICAL PLACES OF GAZIANTEP

  BELKIS RUINS

The remains of the antic city of Belkis (Zeugma) are located in Kavunlu village 10 kilometres away from Nizip district. These remains appear as a tumulus type high acropolis dating back to the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine times. The antic city is among those which issued coin on their name. Recent excavations revealed a room which is believed to be a part of an old Roman House as well as a mosaic belonging to Dionysos. Sculptures obtained from these ruins are exhibited at the Belkis/Zeugma part of Gaziantep Museum.

RUMKALE (HROMGLA)

Hromgia is 25 km from Yavuzeli and 62 km from Gaziantep. Although the precise history of Hromgia is unknown, it is thought to have been built during the late Hittite Period, around 840 B.C.

It is believed that in the Roman Period Christians made Hromgla a center of Christianity, and tried to spread Christianity to Hromgla and its surroundings. It is also said that John, one of Jesus' apostles, saved manuscripts of the Bible in in Hromgla which were later taken to Beirut. For this reason Hromgla is a sacred place for Christians. When the crusaders were defeated and driven out of the region, the Moslems captured Hromgla and the surrounding area, and there are many remains in the castle and the area from the Turkish Islamic Period. In the castle, where characteristics of Turkish Islamic Art can be found, there is also a mosque but it is not in use.  

TILMEN TUMULUS 

Tilmen Tumulus, 10km east of Islahiye, is 24m. high and one of the biggest tumuli of the region. Excavations have established there was a big city there in the late 3000s BC. The city consisted of inner and outer castles, the walls of which were fortified with large, cut stones.

YESEMEK OPEN AIR MUSEUM

  Yesemek is near Islahiye District, in the village known by the same name. It is the largest open air sculpture workshop in the Near East. It is a sculpturing school, reflecting all stages from the extraction of stones from the quarry to preliminary carving and to the final work. Investigations in the area reveal that the site was functional around 1375-1335 BC when the area was taken by the Hittites and the Hittite King Suppilulluma started to employ Hurs, the native people of the area in quarries. Excavations unearthed a rich collection consisting of sphinx and sculptures of lions, mountain gods and various architectural pieces. In the past, reliefs prepared here were sent to such centres as Islahiye, Zincirli and Sakcagozu for final works and completion. The Yesemek Tumulus is located 2 kilometers to the west of the village. It is believed that it was a settlement inhabited by masters working here during the late Bronze Age and the time of the Romans.

 DULUK (DOLICHE)

The ancient city of Doliche, lies north of Gaziantep, between the villages of Duluk and Karahoyuk. In ancient times it was known as "Antiohya Ad Torum", and was an important religious center during the Hittite and Roman Periods.

Duluk was the site of the Baal Temple to Teshup, one of the major Hittite gods  and, in the village and its surroundings one can find numerous rock and underground graves, grave memorials and various other rock remains.

 

 

 


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Editor Tulay Cetin

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Source:  www.gantep.edu.tr

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